Current Oracle Spatial Blog Articles
• Changing all DIMINFO sdo_tolerance values for all metadata records in one go.
• Building Polygons from Incomplete Linestrings using ST_PolygonBuilder
• Computing Cardinal Directions to nearby geometries
• Intersecting two aggregated polygon layers with SC4O
• Spatial and Oracle 12c
• Update Triggers and SDO_GEOMETRY Equality
• Duplicate Geometry data and Data Models
• CENTROID package update
• How to calculate cumulative length of a linestring
• Useful Package of Wrapper Functions for Sdo_Util.AffineTransforms
• Compute Location from known Lat/Long point using delta easting and northing in miles
• Sorting SDO_GEOMETRY data using the ORDER BY clause of a SELECT statement
• Creating linestrings (2002) from points (2001)
• Rounding Coordinates or Ordinates in SDO_GEOMETRY
• Effects of Sdo_Geometry Ordinate Precision on Performance
• Effects of Sdo_Geometry Ordinate Precision on Storage
• The Spatial filtering of geometries: The effect of tolerances on relationships
• Application of Delaunay Triangulation and Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW) in Oracle for Soils Interpolation
• Selecting all SDO_GTYPE values for all tables/sdo_geometry columns in a schema
• CENTROID package - Tips for Use
• Announcing the Spatial Companion For Oracle (SC4O)
• Filtering Rings (Oracle Spatial)
• Splitting a polygon using one or more linestrings
• isValid, isSimple, Dimension and CoordDim methods for SDO_Geometry
• Line Merging or Collecting lines together: ST_LineMerger
• ST_DeleteVertex for Oracle SDO_Geometry based on Jaspa/JTS
• 3D/4D and SRID aware Conversion functions for SDO_Geometry: WKT and EWKT
• Topological vs Non-Topological Simplification/Generalization of Aggregated Area Geometies in Oracle
• Filtering very short linestrings via bitmap function index
• CENTROID For Oracle
• Gridding a sdo_geometry line/polygon object (Oracle)
• Finding centre and radius of a circular geometry
• Constraining geometry type for sdo_geometry column in a table.
• CASE Statements and SDO_GEOMETRY
• The Power of Constraints and Indexes for Spatial Constraints: stopping duplicate points
• SURVEY: The Future of GeoRaptor
• Replacement for SDO_GEOM.RELATE - ST_Relate based on JTS
• Changing Oracle Spatial Index Parameters on existing index
• Writing Excel Spreadsheets files from within the Oracle database using Java and PL/SQL
• Writing xSV (eg csv) files from within the Oracle database using Java and PL/SQL
• A simple spike finder for Spatial/Locator
• JTS Java class compilation for 11g and above
• Random Spatial Search Procedure
• Geometry Snapping using JTS in Oracle
• Exposing JTS's MinimumBoundingCircle functionality
• Exposing JTS's Densifier functionality
• Using JTS's Comparison Functions - HausdorffSimilarityMeasure & AreaSimilarityMeasure with SDO_GEOMETRY
• Free JTS-based Area/Length Functions
• Handy way of systematically fixing polygon geometries with 13349 and other errors
• Standalone CENTROID package now available for download
• Free Union, Intersection, Xor and Difference Functions for Oracle Locator - Part 4 Processing Geodetic data
• Configurable Buffer: JTS and Oracle
• Free Union, Intersection, Xor and Difference Functions for Oracle Locator - Part 3
• Free Union, Intersection, Xor and Difference Functions for Oracle Locator - Part 2
• Free Union, Intersection, Xor and Difference Functions for Oracle Locator - Part 1
• Building Lines into Polygons in Oracle Locator / Spatial
• Finding Intersection Points between Line and Polygon
• Free version of sdo_length
• Alternative to my SQL based GetNumRings function
• External Tables and SDO_Geometry data.
• layer_gtype keyword issue when indexing linear data on 11g
• String Tokenizer for Oracle
• Free Aggregate Method for Concatenating 2D Lines in Oracle Locator 10g
• Reducing 5 Vertex Polygon to Optimized Rectangle
• Square Buffer
• GeoRaptor 3.0 Officially released.
• Converting decimal seconds to string
• SDO_GEOM.VALIDATE_GEOMETRY_WITH_CONTEXT - 13356 Issues
• Valid conversion unit values for Oracle sdo_geom.sdo_length()
• Removing Steps in Gridded Vector Data - SmoothGrid for Oracle
• Oracle Spatial DISJOINT search/filtering
• Creating SDO_Geometry from geometric data recorded in the columns of a table
• Concave Hull Geometries in Oracle 11gR2
• Projecting SDO_GEOM_METADATA DIMINFO XY ordinates
• Instantiating MDSYS.VERTEX_TYPE
• New PL/SQL Packages - Rotate oriented point
• GeoRaptor Development Team
• Fast Refreshing Materialized View Containing SDO_GEOMETRY and SDO_GEOM.SDO_AREA function
• Performance of PL/SQL Functions using SQL vs Pure Code
• Implementing the BEST VicGrid Projection in Oracle 10gR2
• Making Sdo Geometry Metadata Update Generic Code
• ORA-13011 errors when using SDO_GEOM.VALIDATE_LAYER_WITH_CONTEXT()
• Extract Polygons from Compound Polygon
• Detecting sdo_geometries with compound (3-point Arcs) segments
• GEOMETRY_COLUMNS for Oracle Spatial
• Convert GML to SDO_Geometry in Oracle 10gR2
• Spatial Sorting of Data via Morton Key
• Swapping Ordinates in an SDO_GEOMETRY object
• New To_3D Function
• Extend (Reduce/Contract/Skrink) Function for Oracle
• Loading and Processing GPX 1.1 files using Oracle XMLDB
• Loading Spatial Data from an external CSV file in Oracle
• Calling the Oracle Spatial shapefile loader from within the Oracle database itself
• Converting Google Earth Formatted Longitude/Latitude points to decimal degrees
• Implementing SDO_VertexUpdate/ST_VertexUpdate for Oracle
• Implementing SDO_RemovePoint/ST_RemovePoint for Oracle
• Implementing SDO_AddPoint/ST_AddPoint for Oracle
• ESRI ArcSDE Exverted and Inverted Polygons and Oracle Spatial
• Funky Fix Ordinates By Formula
• Implementing a SetPoint/ST_SetPoint function in Oracle
• Implementing an ST_SnapToGrid (PostGIS) function for Oracle Spatial
• Generating random point data
• Implementing an Affine/ST_Affine function for Oracle Spatial
• Implementing a Scale/ST_Scale function for Oracle Spatial
• Implementing a Parallel/ST_Parallel function for linestring data for Oracle Spatial
• Implementing a Rotate/ST_Rotate function for Oracle Spatial
• Limiting table list returned when connecting to Oracle Database using ODBC
• ST_Azimuth for Oracle: AKA Cogo.Bearing
• Implementing a Translate/ST_Translate/Move function for Oracle Spatial
• Elem_Info_Array Processing: An alternative to SDO_UTIL.GetNumRings and querying SDO_ELEM_INFO itself
• Minumum Bounding Rectangle (MBR) Object Type for Oracle
• How to extract elements from the result of an sdo_intersection of two polygons.
• How to restart a database after failed parameter change
• Fixing failed spatial indexes after import using data pump
• generate_series: an Oracle implementation in light of SQL Design Patterns
• Multi-Centroid Shootout
• Oracle Spatial Centroid Shootout
• On the use of ROLLUP in Oracle SELECT statements
• Surrounding Parcels
• Spatial Pipelining
• Using Oracle's SDO_NN Operator - Some examples
• Converting distances and units of measure in Oracle Locator
• Split Sdo_Geometry Linestring at a known point
• Forcing an Sdo_Geometry object to contain only points, lines or areas
• Unpacking USER_SDO_GEOM_METADATA's DIMINFO structure using SQL
• Generating multi-points from single point records in Oracle Spatial
• Object Tables of Sdo_Geometry
• Oracle Locator vs Oracle Spatial: A Reflection on Oracle Licensing of the SDO_GEOM Package
• FAST REFRESHing of Oracle Materialized Views containing Sdo_Geometry columns
• Australian MGA/AMG Zone Calculation from geographic (longitude/latitude) data
• Loading Shapefiles (SHP) into Oracle Spatial
• Oracle Spatial Mapping and Map Rendering Performance Tips
• The significance of sdo_lb/sdo_ub in USER_SDO_GEOM_METDATA: Do I need it?
• Oracle Spatial Forum - Melbourne April 2007
• Layer_GTypes for spatial indexes
• Oracle's SQL/MM Compliant Types
• Tips and Tricks
Oracle makes available for download from its website a shapefile loader called shp2sdo. Loading data using this tool is a four step process:
The shp2sdo tool is an operating system tool and so runs outside of the Oracle database processes. To effect a load of a shapefile from within the database one needs a method of being able to execute the process. There are a number of ways to do this but this blog article will concentrate on one: the use of the Java Virtual Machine that ships with every Oracle database.
Firstly, we need to write a Java class that will allow us to execute an external program. There are many ways to do this as any Googling of the relevant terms shows. I did this and chose a simple approach that does not handle stdin, stdout or stderr (and so is limited as to the error notification that can be generated).
Here is my class.
Note that the function expects a single command string so if you want to pass parameters to an executable you have to put them all together with their command. See later for example.
We compile this using the java compiler that is shipped with the Oracle database (as the versions have to be exactly the same).
Since I did this work on Windows I created a cmd file which contained the following:
Once this is compiled, we then use the Oracle loadjava tool to load the java class we have just compiled into Oracle. Again, I wrapped this inside a WIndows cmd tool.
Which, if successful, should give messages like this:
So far, so good.
We now have a compiled Java class in the Oracle JVM,
But how do we execute it?
Firstly we have to create a PL/SQL function wrapper over the top of it as follows.
Now, we have the ability to execute an external program.
Or do we?
The Oracle Database is a very secure application. No organisation or the DBA it entrusts to ensure data security, wants to jeopordise database secutiry. Oracle’s JVM’s security is managed from the database. We can’t just have our new tool execute any program reading and writing data anywhere on disk. It has to be controlled.
Oracle does this via DBMS_JAVA’s GRANT_PERMISSION procedure. This procedure allows the DBA to grant read, write, execute, delete permissions directly to a user or via a role.
So, we need to use this to grant appropriate permissions.
For this article I copied the Oracle shp2sdo.exe application and the GeoScience Australia GeoData250K shapefiles (GeoData250K_Tas_roads.*) to the C:\Temp directory. I will do all my processing in this directory.
So, first, we need to grant appropriate permissions. As the “system” user I executed:
Now we are ready to load our data.
Remember that our load is a multi-step process in which three of the processes have to be executed externally and one internally. So we now have some choices.
Because there are a number of issues relating to flow of control, operating system environment settings etc, I decided to use step two and put all three processing steps into a single command shell (or Linux/Unix shell).
Now, Windows shell programming is inflexible (Linux shell programming is far better), so please do not get too critical of what follows! To control the external processes I created a Windows command tool called shp2sdo.cmd. Here is what it does.
Which we would execute this way:
After executing RunCommand, we can check the results in SQL Developer.
And then go on to create spatial indexes etc. (This could be added to the above processing: I leave that as an exercise for the interested used.)
This is pretty neat and simple processing (I do not present myself as a seasoned or experienced Java programmer). However, note that most DBAs get very worried about this sort of processing so, if you are thinking about implementing this sort of processing in your database, make sure you provide your DBA with lots of chocolates and beer.
I hope this article is useful to someone.